How long to steep French Press Coffee?

Steeping time greatly influences the taste of your French Press coffee. Finding the correct steeping time to make a perfect cup of Coffee is not an easy task. 

If you are very conscious about the taste of your Coffee, you should experiment with different steeping times before finding the perfect duration at which you get the taste of Coffee that suits your taste the best. 

So how long to steep French Press Coffee?

The short answer is best steeping time for French Press recommended by Baristas and Coffee Professionals is 4 minutes. If you want to have a strong cup of French Press Coffee and like bitterness in the taste, you can increase the steeping time up to 6 minutes.

how long to let french press sit?

As discussed earlier, the best steeping time for a French press coffee is four minutes.

After you pour the hot water into the French Press Jar, the water will start extracting flavor from the coarse coffee grounds, and it’s the best practice to let the water extract for at least four minutes.

If you are not giving the water enough time to steep, the coffee grounds will remain under-extracted. So, you will not be able to enjoy the perfect flavors of Coffee, and your Coffee will taste weak

If you are steeping the French Press coffee for too long, the coffee grounds will get over-extracted and many undesirable compounds will get extracted from the coffee grounds that will make the taste of your Coffee too much bitter. 

So, you have to be very cautious about the steeping time as it significantly impacts the taste you will get afterward. 

If you are very sensitive with your coffee taste like me, you can experience different steeping times in the range of three to six minutes. And select the steeping time at which you get your perfect taste.

I personally steep my French Press coffee for five minutes. It makes my Coffee strong and slightly bitter. But I like this bitterness!

Note the time after pouring the water into the French Press. And do some other activities, you can listen to music, prepare your breakfast, read the newspaper, or do whatever you like for four minutes, and after that, push the plunger and pour the Coffee into your favorite mug and enjoy.

Espro P6 vs P7 Press. Read a detailed review of advanced french press coffee makers.

How steeping time affects the taste of French Press Coffee

Coarsely ground coffee beans are usually used for the French Press. Coarse grounds have less surface area than fine grounds, so they extract the flavors slowly. 

That’s why we have to give some steeping to make the brewed Coffee flavorful. The extraction of coffee grounds passes through five phases.

In the first phase, salty flavors are extracted.

In the second phase, coffee grounds extracts sour flavors 

The third phase is the sweet spot where sweet and aromatic flavors are extracted from the coffee grounds.

In the fourth phase, coffee grounds start extracting bitter flavors.

If you continue to brew the coffee grounds for too much longer, in that case, they enter into the fifth phase of extraction, where many undesirable organic components get extracted from the coffee grounds, making the taste of the brew very pathetic.

So always make sure to finish the brewing process in the sweet phase, and for French Press, it will be around four minutes. 

And if you are a fan of bitter flavors like me, you can extend the brewing process up to five or six minutes. Never go beyond six minutes as it will make the taste of Coffee very unpleasant because of the extraction of undesirable organic components.

Should you push a French press plunger all the way down?

The plunger of most of the modern French Press Coffee makers doesn’t go below 1/8th to 1/10th of the height of the French Press Jar. Some French Press coffee makers have a plunger that you can push down.

For those French Press coffee makers, it’s not a good practice to push the plunger all the way to the bottom. Just leave the plunger at the point where you feel too much resistance while pushing it down. 

Because if you push the plunger by applying force beyond that point, the fine coffee grounds will pass through the metal strainer of the plunger and makes your Coffee sludgy.

This also depends upon the size of coffee grounds you are using; if you are using fine or espresso grounds, it will become very difficult to push the plunger, and a lot of finely ground coffee beans will escape through the metal strainer.

That’s why using fine grounds is never recommended for the French Press coffee maker.

If you are looking to buy an Electric Kettle for a French Press Coffee maker. Check our guide on Best Electric Kettles for French Press Coffee

Final Thoughts

Steeping time is one of the most important factors in brewing a perfect cup of French Press coffee. If you are not steeping it for enough time, the beans will remain under-extracted, and your coffee will taste sour as sour flavors get extracted first in the extraction process.

And if you are steeping the French Press coffee for too much longer, your coffee will taste bitter due to the over-extraction of coffee grounds.

You must steep the coffee grounds for just enough time so as to get the sweet and flavorful taste.

FAQs

1. What is the best water temperature for Brewing French Press?

The best water temperature for making French Press is 195 to 205 degrees. So never pour boiling water directly into the French Press coffee maker, as it will make your Coffee taste very bitter. Conversely, don’t pour water with a temperature less than 190 degrees as it will leave your Coffee under-extracted.

2. Why is French Press bad for you?

French Press coffee is only bad for your health if you drink more than 3 cups a day. Coffee contains a compound known as Cafestol which increases the cholesterol level in the body. If you are already facing cholesterol problems or heart issues, then it is recommended to filter your French Press coffee with paper filters.