Ristretto Shot: How to make it? (The Stronger Espresso)

Welcome to the realm of ristretto shots, where tiny cups pack a punch that’ll make your taste buds do a double take!

These little espresso powerhouses might be small in size, but they’re big on flavors and personality. It’s like coffee’s way of saying, “Hey, I might be small, but I’ll wake you up faster than an alarm clock on a Monday morning!”

In fact, some coffee aficionados consider the Ristretto shot to be the purest form of espresso, as it highlights the coffee’s natural flavor and aroma. However, achieving the perfect balance of flavors in a Ristretto shot can be challenging, and it requires precise measurements, the right grind size, and a skilled barista. 

In this article, we will dive into the details of the Ristretto shot, its preparation, taste, and the best coffee beans to use. So, let’s explore the world of Ristretto!

Ristretto shot

First, what is a Ristretto shot?

The Ristretto shot is an intensely concentrated espresso shot prepared by restricting the water content to half but using the same amount of coffee grounds as regular Espresso. This condensed extraction method yields a remarkable flavor profile, with a rich, syrupy, and robust character.

Typically, a Ristretto has a yield of 15-20 mL and a coffee-to-water ratio of 1:1. While traditional Espresso is around 30 mL with a coffee-to-water ratio of 1:2.

The word “Ristretto” has its roots in the Italian word “Ristretti,” which means “restricted.” This term refers to the restricted amount of water used in the preparation of a Ristretto shot.

It is believed to originated in the early 20th century when baristas and coffee lovers tried to extract a smaller, yet more intense amount of coffee from espresso machines.

Over time, ristretto gained popularity among espresso lovers who appreciated its robust taste and concentrated nature. And people started ordering “Espresso Ristretto” i-e the shot made with a restricted amount of water.

What is a ristretto shot

How to pull a perfect Ristretto shot?

Pulling a perfect Ristretto shot requires precision and consistency. Here’s a step-by-step guide to pulling a perfect shot:

1- Measure the coffee beans: Use 7-9 grams of coffee for a single Ristretto shot and 16 to 18 grams for a double shot.

I always recommend using dark roasted beans as they extract flavors more quickly.

coffee beans scale

2- Grind the Beans: Using a high-quality burr coffee grinder, grind the beans at fine settings.

To make a perfect Ristretto, it’s important to use a finer grind size than that used for a regular espresso shot. This finer grind size ensures that the coffee is fully extracted during the shorter extraction process.

Grind the coffee beans

3- Distribute and tamp the grounds: Distribute the coffee grounds evenly in the portafilter basket and tamp it with consistent pressure.

Tamping is the secret handshake between the barista and the coffee grounds, unlocking the full potential of a ristretto.

Tamp the coffee grounds

4- Start the Machine: Place the portafilter in the espresso machine and start the extraction process. Measure the yield very carefully it should match the amount of coffee grounds you are using! (7-9 grams for a single shot and 16-18 grams for a double shot)

In general, extraction times should be between 20 and 30 seconds. If it’s taking longer than that, then the grind size is too fine. If your shot is pulling too quickly, then the grind size is too coarse.

Pull the Ristretto shot

5- Enjoy: Serve the Ristretto shot immediately and enjoy the bold and strong taste.

When I first tried to pull a Ristretto shot, I was intimidated by the precision required. But after a few attempts and some practice, I was able to master the art of pulling a perfect Ristretto shot.

Dialing in is crucial for achieving a perfect ristretto shot. Since it is a shorter and more concentrated extraction, the brewing parameters need to be adjusted to achieve the desired taste and balance.

Don’t worry if your first ristretto shot isn’t perfect. It takes practice and patience to master. Keep trying, and you’ll get there!

What are the best coffee beans for Ristretto shots?

To make a perfect Ristretto shot, it’s important to choose the right coffee beans.

The roast level of the coffee beans also plays a significant role in the taste of the Ristretto. Darker roasts are preferred because they have a more pronounced and intense flavor. Also, the dark roasts extract flavors more quickly which complements the shorter extraction time of Ristretto.

Lighter roasts, on the other hand, can result in a more acidic and sour taste, which is not desirable for Ristretto shots.

A dark roasted blend of Arabica and Robusta is perfect for a Ristretto shot. My favorite is Lavazza Super Crema as it always gives me the best taste!

However, you can Experiment with different beans and roasts to discover your perfect combination of flavors and aromas. Remember, the best beans for ristretto are the ones that make your taste buds sing with delight.

It’s also crucial to use freshly roasted beans as old and stale coffee beans can result in a flat and dull taste that doesn’t do justice to the bold and intense flavors of a Ristretto shot.

Also Read: The Best coffee beans for Espresso

The taste and flavors of the Ristretto shot

Ristretto shots are known for their bold and strong taste. The shorter extraction process results in a lower acidity level and a higher concentration of sweeter flavors.

These shots have a higher percentage of soluble coffee solids, which results in a thicker and more syrupy texture.

The Ristretto boasts a captivating flavor profile, with hints of chocolate, caramel, and nutty undertones.

Ristretto is significantly less bitter than Espresso because sweeter compounds are extracted first and bitter compounds are extracted last in the extraction process.

Ristretto vs Espresso

Espresso takes on a classic 1:2 coffee-to-water ratio, creating a well-balanced brew. And, in the Ristretto shot the ratio is reduced to 1:1.

In the Ristretto vs Espresso debate, it ultimately comes down to personal preference. If you enjoy a sweet and syrupy taste, Ristretto shots are the way to go. However, if you want a well-rounded shot with all flavors of coffee from sweet to bitter, you should go for a Espresso.

Ristretto vs Espresso

Read a detailed guide on Ristretto vs Espresso

Ristretto vs Long shot

When it comes to espresso variations, the Ristretto and the Long Shot sit on opposite ends of the spectrum.

Unlike Ristretto, a long shot uses double the amount of water as a standard espresso shot.

This method produces a milder, more diluted flavor profile, often preferred by those who enjoy a smoother and less intense coffee experience.

Ristretto VS Lungo shots

Read a detailed guide on Ristretto vs Long Shot

Final Thoughts on Ristretto Shot

Ristretto shots are a unique and exciting way to enjoy your coffee, and they’re perfect for those who love rich and syrupy flavors.

While preparing a perfect Ristretto shot may require some practice and patience, the results are worth it.

As a coffee lover myself, I highly recommend trying it if you haven’t already.

And if you’re feeling adventurous, try adding a shot of Ristretto in milk to prepare Piccolo Coffee.

Cheers to enjoying a perfect cup of Ristretto shot!

Read about 30 different types of Espresso drinks


Does Ristretto have crema?

Just like its espresso sibling, a well-crafted ristretto shot can indeed have a luxurious layer of crema.
In the case of a ristretto, however, the shorter, more concentrated extraction may result in a thicker, more intense crema layer.

Do you add sugar to Ristretto?

Ristretto shot is already full of sweet coffee flavors, so it is traditionally served without any additional sugar. So, It is best to consume it without sugar if you want to enjoy it properly.
However, if you do decide to add sugar, add it in a small amount to avoid overpowering the natural complexities of the brew.

Do you put milk in a Ristretto?

Ristretto shots are usually consumed as is, without adding any milk or creamers.
However, some people may prefer to add a small amount of milk to a Ristretto shot to prepare a macchiato or Piccolo Coffee.

Johny Morrisson is a passionate coffee enthusiast and an avid blogger dedicated to exploring the world of coffee.

Whether it's repairing or troubleshooting coffee equipment, reviewing cutting-edge brewing machines, or delving into the latest coffee trends, Johny's writing captivates readers and invites them on a flavorful journey.

When he's not writing, Johny enjoys traveling, seeking inspiration from different cultures and coffee traditions worldwide.